I've posted a lot of photos from my trips to various Indian habitation and rock art sites. This spot, called Terese, doesn't have fancy pictographs, caves, or rock shelters, but it still just might be my favorite of them all. It wasn't discovered until the late 1990's and is just about as pristine as can be. It is also very large (I've yet to see all of it). Thanks to my friend and fellow wilderness explorer, Death Valley Jim for taking me to this fantastic place.
The great places are usually hard to get to and this one is no exception. Folks, don't try this road in your car or mini-van.
A kitchen with all the built-ins. A mortar, a slick and a metate. It's the trifecta of milling stones. All we're missing is a Cuyamaca Oval. There even looks to be a few cupules.
Another large, but broken milling stone.
There were many sleeping circles in the area. The next several were all in the same area.
Finally to the pictographs. This was my favorite of the day. The largest image appears to by a mountain lion, or maybe a coyote.
The large image is a Coso style Bighorn Sheep. Based on that and what appears to be an "Atlatl" in the right lower corner. These petroglyphs are likely to be from 1000 to about 2500 years old (plus or minus). The atlatl was a dart/arrow "launching device" that pre-dates the bow and arrow. This site is also thought to be the most southern known location of the Coso style rock art.
I believe the symbol in the middle represents a medicine bag or pouch.
We didn't get to see a lot of the site, because it was getting dark. Next time...
As a change of pace, I thought I'd start sharing some of my B&W photos. These are from "The World in Black and White" website. A few of them have been posted here before. Some are old, some are new, and some are middle aged. Counting me, there are currently 13 people who contribute to the site. No narratives to read. A title, a photo and a name. That is it. Of course, comments and generous gratuities (20% please!) are always appreciated...
Port San Luis
Sequoia National Park (in May)
My wife was prepared for all potential emergencies... She had an umbrella!
Little Miss Attitude (she was the one daring lightning to hit here a couple of posts ago)
Back to Joshua Tree National Park for a few posts (I'm still playing catch-up). By now, I'm sure you've caught my drift relating to this place. I love it and I've been going there for over 50 years. Unfortunately, I've forgotten more about this place, than I remember. This pictograph site is pretty small and archaeologists who originally surveyed it, considered it part of another close by site (here is a link to my post on it). The park doesn't talk about it, or even admit that it exists. That is too bad, because it is close to one of their most visited and advertised, tourist attractions. I've scoured the internet for information on this site, but there just isn't any. It's only mentioned on two websites that I know of. I know those people and both of them gave it their own name (for different reasons). I'm having trouble thinking of what I"m going to call it.
The site is in this area. If you can figure that out, more power to you.
It's a small panel on the concave side of a boulder.
Same photo as above, enhanced with DStretch. Some of the pictographs are very faded, but it is very clear that most of them are red hand prints.
Embiggen this photo to better see the hands
A better look. Although there is zero historical information available about this site, I'm pretty sure it relates to female puberty initiates. I say this because all of the hand prints are fairly small and red is the "female" color. I'm not saying that all red pictographs relate to females, but these most likely do. There is also another "known" initiate site fairly close by. Here is a link to my post on that site. I wish I knew all the facts. .
A couple of posts ago, I included a long distance photo that showed a mountain ridge, that we were camped on. Just two days later, a big summer storm moved through the area. It dumped a huge amount of rain, in a short period of time. When that happens in the desert, the result is usually flash floods. What my granny used to call "gully washers." This storm caused a lot of flash flooding in the Anza-Borrego area. The last thing you'd expect to die from in the desert is a flood, but it happens all the time. Most of the following photos aren't "before and after," they are "before and during."
Looking down into Anza-Borrego
Looking down into Anza-Borrego, getting HAMMERED...
Granite mountain looking nice under a pretty sky
Granite mountain in a moment of sunshine during the storm
My granddaughter tempting fate.
I told her that her hair is going to get a bit frizzy, when she gets hit by a lightning bolt. She is telling me to wait one minute. Or maybe she is trying to get me hit by one.... We actually only got a couple of drops up where we were, one of these days I'll do a post about the storm we were in, same time last year. We were in this same spot and it wasn't much fun at all. .
"Ah Ha Kwe-Ah-Mac" (what the rain left behind), is a pre-historic Yuman village, later associated with the Kumeyaay Indians. ----------------------------------------------------
In my last post, I showed you an ancient Kumeyaay village site in Anza-Borrego. I also mentioned that the area is deadly hot during the summer months. Despite this fact, Indians thrived there for thousands of years. In part, they managed to do so by moving to their summer villages, up in the much cooler Cuyamaca Mountains. Although both of their seasonal homes were organized and semi-permanent, they still lived primarily as "hunter/gatherers." Also in my last post, I included a distant photo of where we were camped in the Cuyamaca mountains (about 12 miles away). Very close to where we were camped, I stumbled upon a pre-historic village ("Ah Ha Kwe-Ah-Mac") site, that may be the samesummer village site, that was used by the same group of Kumeyaay Indians, that lived in the village in my last post, during the winter months. These two village sites are about 10 miles apart and there are ancient Indians trails leading from one area to the other. This village site has been abandoned since about 1869. That sad story, will be the subject of a future post.
We were camping in the Cuyamacas for the same reason the Kumeyaay did; it is very hot down below in the desert.
I didn't actually stumble across the summer village site. I spotted some bedrock mortars (morteros) while out on a hike a couple of months ago. Some of you probably remember a post involving my search for the remains of an old gold mining camp. In the post I told you that while not actually lost, I stumbled upon a great surprise (to me anyway). I spent a lot of time on the Internet and used every bit of my intuition relating to where and why Indians settled in particular places.
While looking for the mining camp, I eventually ran across a trail heading in the direction I needed, to take me back to where I started. The little creek cutting across the meadow in this photo, was used in ancient times as well as today (mostly by game). Most of the hill that the trees are growing out of, is made of mine tailings. The tailings are lighter in color and some are visible, just left of center, in front of the trees. At one time the meadows in this area were surrounded by a forest of oak trees. A lot of acorns required a lot of mortars.
It may not catch your eye, but the little outcropping of granite bedrock in the center of the photo, sure caught mine.
This photo and the next are that same little chunk of bedrock.
In addition to the four mortars on this rock, there is also a bit of "Lithic Scatter" around it. Lithic Scatter is pieces of rock (many times flakes), removed from another rock by percussion or force. This was done to make tools, projectile points, blades, etc.
This nearby rock had another mortar and small pottery sherds close to it
This mortar (and many more) were on top of the hill, where I took the first photo
Pot sherds (shards) were all over the area. The large piece in this photo was about 3 inches long. The black looking rock is obsidian. I'm pretty sure it is part of a broken tool, or point of some type. One edge had clearly been "worked" and was very sharp. There were also small pieces of soapstone around the area. The BEST thing about this entire area, was the total lack of human foot prints. We certainly didn't discover this village, but it was obvious that very few people know about it. I'd bet money that this site has never been totally excavated.
A couple hundred yards away from the last group of mortars, we found many more.
Walking down the hill, we found more.
In addition to mortars, this area was almost totally enclosed by a natural ring of boulders.
I'm not exactly sure what animal it belonged to, but this leg bone was big. If you embiggen the photo, you can also see quite a few small pieces of broken pottery.
From this point, we were heading to the outcrop of granite just above center in the photo.
This chunk of bedrock turned out to be the prize of the day. You can see one mortar on the right hand edge of the photo.
These were the only two mortars in this outcrop. More accurately, they were the only two TRADITIONAL mortars.
You can tell by my cell phone, that these two were very large. As this was a seasonal village, it must have taken centuries for it to get this big.
These irregular looking indentations in the granite are also grinding surfaces, but more like "metates" or "slicks" and are VERY rare. They are called Cuyamaca Ovals and arepretty much isolated to a very small area of the country. That small area, just happens to be right here. Cuyamaca Oval sites are always found in meadow areas and were primarily used for the grinding of seeds.
All of this and we only searched what I believe to be about a fourth of the village area. .